Epitopes described in "Extracellular neurofibrillary tangles are immunopositive for the 40 carboxy-terminal sequence of beta-amyloid protein."

Article Authors:C Schwab; H Akiyama; E G McGeer; P L McGeer
Article Title:Extracellular neurofibrillary tangles are immunopositive for the 40 carboxy-terminal sequence of beta-amyloid protein.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1014483
Abstract:Neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) form in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. In Alzheimer disease (AD), intracellular NFTs (iNFTs) develop along with extracellular beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposits. Reports on whether NFTs have Abeta associated with them are inconsistent. Here we study NFTs and their direct relationship with Abeta-like fragments in cases of AD, Down Syndrome, and the parkinsonism-dementia complex of Guam, using a panel of antibodies which recognize different epitopes of Abeta. In all diseases, as well as in the aged controls, the majority of extracellular NFTs (eNFTs) are stained with antibodies recognizing the 40 carboxy-terminal of Abeta, but not other epitopes. Such staining is morphologically distinguishable from the previously described Abeta positive 'tangle associated amyloid deposits' (TAADs), which surround some eNFTs, and are immunopositive for all epitopes of the Abeta molecule. Some iNFTs are immunoreactive with antibodies to the 42 carboxy-terminal epitope, and, to a lesser extent, with antibodies to midportions and more N-terminal epitopes of Abeta. These results may indicate a direct interaction between Abeta and NFTs, although secondary deposition or crossreactivity with other epitopes associated with NFTs cannot be ruled out.
Affiliations:Kinsmen Laboratory of Neurological Research and the Neurodegenerative Disorders Centre, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:9862635
Journal:J Neuropathol Exp Neurol
Journal Volume:57
Article Pages:1131-7
Journal ISSN:0022-3069
Article Chemical List:Amyloid beta-Peptides
Article MeSH List:Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Alzheimer Disease(metabolism; pathology); Amino Acid Sequence; Amyloid beta-Peptides(analysis); Female; Humans; Immunohistochemistry; Male; Middle Aged; Neurofibrillary Tangles(chemistry); Parkinson Disease(metabolism; pathology)
Curation Last Updated:2014-10-03 21:30:29