Epitopes described in "Alzheimer disease tangles share immunological similarities with multiphosphorylation repeats in the two large neurofilament proteins."

Reference
Article Authors:V M Lee; L Otvos Jr; M L Schmidt; J Q Trojanowski
Article Title:Alzheimer disease tangles share immunological similarities with multiphosphorylation repeats in the two large neurofilament proteins.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1014420
Abstract:Immunological and structural analyses of neurofilament (NF) proteins with greater than 500 anti-NF monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) enumerated epitopes shared by NF proteins and Alzheimer neurofibrillary tangles. We identified the multiphosphorylation domain of the rat heaviest NF subunit--tandem repeats of Lys-Ser-Pro-Xaa (where Xaa is a small uncharged amino acid and serine is phosphorylated)--as the determinant recognized by 15 of the 16 mAbs from this collection of greater than 500 mAbs that detected neurofibrillary tangles. Most (11) of these 16 mAbs also recognized the previously characterized multiphosphorylation repeat in the human middle sized NF subunit. However, although these mAbs shared the ability to recognize NFTs, the antigen-binding domains of these 16 mAbs represented 13 separate classes based on their differential recognition of 12 synthetic peptides derived from the rat heaviest NF subunit and the human middle-sized NF subunit multiphosphorylation sites, NF subunits of 10 diverse species, and normal human tau protein. We conclude that NFTs share highly specific immunological and structural properties with specific rat heaviest NF subunit and human middle-sized NF subunit multiphosphorylation repeats.
Date:1988
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:2459703
Journal:Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Journal Volume:85
Article Pages:7384-8
Journal ISSN:1091-6490
Article Chemical List:Antibodies, Monoclonal;Epitopes;Intermediate Filament Proteins;Neurofilament Proteins
Article MeSH List:Alzheimer Disease(immunology; pathology); Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal; Binding Sites; Cross Reactions; Epitopes(analysis); Humans; Intermediate Filament Proteins(analysis; immunology); Neurofilament Proteins; Phosphorylation; Rats
Curation Last Updated:2014-07-16 22:05:00