Epitopes described in "Somatic mutations of the immunoglobulin framework are generally required for broad and potent HIV-1 neutralization."

Reference
Article Authors:Florian Klein; Ron Diskin; Johannes F Scheid; Christian Gaebler; Hugo Mouquet; Ivelin S Georgiev; Marie Pancera; Tongqing Zhou; Reha-Baris Incesu; Brooks Zhongzheng Fu; Priyanthi N P Gnanapragasam; Thiago Y Oliveira; Michael S Seaman; Peter D Kwong; Pamela J Bjorkman; Michel C Nussenzweig
Article Title:Somatic mutations of the immunoglobulin framework are generally required for broad and potent HIV-1 neutralization.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1025766
Abstract:Broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) to HIV-1 can prevent infection and are therefore of great importance for HIV-1 vaccine design. Notably, bNAbs are highly somatically mutated and generated by a fraction of HIV-1-infected individuals several years after infection. Antibodies typically accumulate mutations in the complementarity determining region (CDR) loops, which usually contact the antigen. The CDR loops are scaffolded by canonical framework regions (FWRs) that are both resistant to and less tolerant of mutations. Here, we report that in contrast to most antibodies, including those with limited HIV-1 neutralizing activity, most bNAbs require somatic mutations in their FWRs. Structural and functional analyses reveal that somatic mutations in FWR residues enhance breadth and potency by providing increased flexibility and/or direct antigen contact. Thus, in bNAbs, FWRs play an essential role beyond scaffolding the CDR loops and their unusual contribution to potency and breadth should be considered in HIV-1 vaccine design.
Date:2013
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:23540694
Journal:Cell
Journal Volume:153
Article Pages:126-38
Journal ISSN:0092-8674
Article Chemical List:AIDS Vaccines;Antibodies, Neutralizing;Complementarity Determining Regions;HIV Antibodies
Article MeSH List:AIDS Vaccines(chemistry; genetics; immunology); Amino Acid Sequence; Antibodies, Neutralizing; Complementarity Determining Regions; Crystallography, X-Ray; Drug Design; HIV Antibodies(chemistry; genetics; immunology); HIV-1; Humans; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Sequence Alignment
Curation Last Updated:2014-07-16 23:15:33