Epitopes described in "Loss in CD4 T-cell responses to multiple epitopes in influenza due to expression of one additional MHC class II molecule in the host."

Article Authors:Jennifer L Nayak; Andrea J Sant
Article Title:Loss in CD4 T-cell responses to multiple epitopes in influenza due to expression of one additional MHC class II molecule in the host.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1024509
Abstract:An understanding of factors controlling CD4 T-cell immunodominance is needed to pursue CD4 T-cell epitope-driven vaccine design, yet our understanding of this in humans is limited by the complexity of potential MHC class II molecule expression. In the studies described here, we took advantage of genetically restricted, well-defined mouse strains to better understand the effect of increasing MHC class II molecule diversity on the CD4 T-cell repertoire and the resulting anti-influenza immunodominance hierarchy. Interferon- ELISPOT assays were implemented to directly quantify CD4 T-cell responses to I-A(b) and I-A(s) restricted peptide epitopes following primary influenza virus infection in parental and F(1) hybrid strains. We found striking and asymmetric declines in the magnitude of many peptide-specific responses in F(1) animals. These declines could not be accounted for by the lower surface density of MHC class II on the cell or by antigen-presenting cells failing to stimulate T cells with lower avidity T-cell receptors. Given the large diversity of MHC class II expressed in humans, these findings have important implications for the rational design of peptide-based vaccines that are based on the premise that CD4 T-cell epitope specificity can be predicted by a simple cataloguing of an individual's MHC class II genotype.
Affiliations:Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY 14642, USA. jennifer_nayak@urmc.rochester.edu.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:22747522
Journal Volume:136
Article Pages:425-36
Journal ISSN:0019-2805
Article Chemical List:Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte;Histocompatibility Antigens Class II;Immunodominant Epitopes;Influenza Vaccines;Interferon-gamma
Article MeSH List:Animals; Antigen-Presenting Cells(immunology); CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes(immunology); Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte(immunology); Histocompatibility Antigens Class II(biosynthesis; immunology); Humans; Immunodominant Epitopes; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype(immunology; pathogenicity); Influenza Vaccines(immunology); Influenza, Human(immunology; virology); Interferon-gamma(analysis); Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Orthomyxoviridae Infections(immunology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-07-30 20:45:56