Epitopes described in "A variable light domain fluorogen activating protein homodimerizes to activate dimethylindole red."

Article Authors:Nina Senutovitch; Robyn L Stanfield; Shantanu Bhattacharyya; Gordon S Rule; Ian A Wilson; Bruce A Armitage; Alan S Waggoner; Peter B Berget
Article Title:A variable light domain fluorogen activating protein homodimerizes to activate dimethylindole red.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1024696
Abstract:Novel fluorescent tools such as green fluorescent protein analogues and fluorogen activating proteins (FAPs) are useful in biological imaging for tracking protein dynamics in real time with a low fluorescence background. FAPs are single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) selected from a yeast surface display library that produce fluorescence upon binding a specific dye or fluorogen that is normally not fluorescent when present in solution. FAPs generally consist of human immunoglobulin variable heavy (V(H)) and variable light (V(L)) domains covalently attached via a glycine- and serine-rich linker. Previously, we determined that the yeast surface clone, V(H)-V(L) M8, could bind and activate the fluorogen dimethylindole red (DIR) but that the fluorogen activation properties were localized to the M8V(L) domain. We report here that both nuclear magnetic resonance and X-ray diffraction methods indicate the M8V(L) forms noncovalent, antiparallel homodimers that are the fluorogen activating species. The M8V(L) homodimers activate DIR by restriction of internal rotation of the bound dye. These structural results, together with directed evolution experiments with both V(H)-V(L) M8 and M8V(L), led us to rationally design tandem, covalent homodimers of M8V(L) domains joined by a flexible linker that have a high affinity for DIR and good quantum yields.
Affiliations:The Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, United States.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:22390683
Journal Volume:51
Article Pages:2471-85
Journal ISSN:0006-2960
Article Chemical List:Carbocyanines;Fluorescent Dyes;Immunoglobulin Light Chains;Indoles;Single-Chain Antibodies;dimethylindole red
Article MeSH List:Carbocyanines(metabolism); Directed Molecular Evolution; Fluorescent Dyes(metabolism); Humans; Immunoglobulin Light Chains(chemistry; genetics; metabolism); Indoles(metabolism); Models, Molecular; Protein Multimerization; Protein Structure, Quaternary; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Saccharomyces cerevisiae(genetics); Single-Chain Antibodies(chemistry; genetics; metabolism); Solubility
Curation Last Updated:2016-05-11 20:10:49