Epitopes described in "T cell receptors are structures capable of initiating signaling in the absence of large conformational rearrangements."

Article Authors:Ricardo A Fernandes; David A Shore; Mai T Vuong; Chao Yu; Xueyong Zhu; Selma Pereira-Lopes; Heather Brouwer; Janet A Fennelly; Claire M Jessup; Edward J Evans; Ian A Wilson; Simon J Davis
Article Title:T cell receptors are structures capable of initiating signaling in the absence of large conformational rearrangements.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1026765
Abstract:Native and non-native ligands of the T cell receptor (TCR), including antibodies, have been proposed to induce signaling in T cells via intra- or intersubunit conformational rearrangements within the extracellular regions of TCR complexes. We have investigated whether any signatures can be found for such postulated structural changes during TCR triggering induced by antibodies, using crystallographic and mutagenesis-based approaches. The crystal structure of murine CD3 complexed with the mitogenic anti-CD3 antibody 2C11 enabled the first direct structural comparisons of antibody-liganded and unliganded forms of CD3 from a single species, which revealed that antibody binding does not induce any substantial rearrangements within CD3. Saturation mutagenesis of surface-exposed CD3 residues, coupled with assays of antibody-induced signaling by the mutated complexes, suggests a new configuration for the complex within which CD3 is highly exposed and reveals that no large new CD3 interfaces are required to form during antibody-induced signaling. The TCR complex therefore appears to be a structure that is capable of initiating intracellular signaling in T cells without substantial structural rearrangements within or between the component subunits. Our findings raise the possibility that signaling by native ligands might also be initiated in the absence of large structural rearrangements in the receptor.
Affiliations:Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine and Medical Research Council Human Immunology Unit, The University of Oxford, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DU, United Kingdom.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:22262845
Journal:J Biol Chem
Journal Volume:287
Article Pages:13324-35
Journal ISSN:0021-9258
Article Chemical List:Antibodies, Monoclonal;Antigens, CD3;CD3 antigen, gamma chain;CD3 antigen, zeta chain;CD3delta antigen;Cd3e protein, mouse;Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte;Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments;Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell
Article MeSH List:Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal(immunology); Antigens, CD3(chemistry; genetics; immunology); Crystallography, X-Ray; Dimerization; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte(immunology); Humans; Immunoglobulin Fab Fragments(immunology); Jurkat Cells; Mice; Mutagenesis, Site-Directed; Protein Conformation; Protein Structure, Tertiary; Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell(chemistry; immunology; metabolism); Signal Transduction(immunology); Structure-Activity Relationship
Curation Last Updated:2015-06-07 20:27:57