Epitopes described in "Vaccination with M2e-based multiple antigenic peptides: characterization of the B cell response and protection efficacy in inbred and outbred mice."

Reference
Article Authors:Amaya I Wolf; Krystyna Mozdzanowska; Katie L Williams; David Singer; Monique Richter; Ralf Hoffmann; Andrew J Caton; Laszlo Otvos; Jan Erikson
Article Title:Vaccination with M2e-based multiple antigenic peptides: characterization of the B cell response and protection efficacy in inbred and outbred mice.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1022672
Abstract:BACKGROUND: The extracellular domain of the influenza A virus protein matrix protein 2 (M2e) is remarkably conserved between various human isolates and thus is a viable target antigen for a universal influenza vaccine. With the goal of inducing protection in multiple mouse haplotypes, M2e-based multiple antigenic peptides (M2e-MAP) were synthesized to contain promiscuous T helper determinants from the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein, the hepatitis B virus antigen and the influenza virus hemagglutinin. Here, we investigated the nature of the M2e-MAP-induced B cell response in terms of the distribution of antibody (Ab) secreting cells (ASCs) and Ab isotypes, and tested the protective efficacy in various mouse strains. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Immunization of BALB/c mice with M2e-MAPs together with potent adjuvants, CpG 1826 oligonucleotides (ODN) and cholera toxin (CT) elicited high M2e-specific serum Ab titers that protected mice against viral challenge. Subcutaneous (s.c.) and intranasal (i.n.) delivery of M2e-MAPs resulted in the induction of IgG in serum and airway secretions, however only i.n. immunization induced anti-M2e IgA ASCs locally in the lungs, correlating with M2-specific IgA in the bronchio-alveolar lavage (BAL). Interestingly, both routes of vaccination resulted in equal protection against viral challenge. Moreover, M2e-MAPs induced cross-reactive and protective responses to diverse M2e peptides and variant influenza viruses. However, in contrast to BALB/c mice, immunization of other inbred and outbred mouse strains did not induce protective Abs. This correlated with a defect in T cell but not B cell responsiveness to the M2e-MAPs. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: Anti-M2e Abs induced by M2e-MAPs are highly cross-reactive and can mediate protection to variant viruses. Although synthetic MAPs are promising designs for vaccines, future constructs will need to be optimized for use in the genetically heterogeneous human population.
Date:2011
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:22180783
Journal:PLoS ONE
Journal Volume:6
Article Pages:e28445
Journal ISSN:1932-6203
Article Chemical List:Antigens, Viral;Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte;Peptide Fragments;Viral Matrix Proteins
Article MeSH List:Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Animals, Outbred Strains; Antibody Specificity; Antigens, Viral(chemistry; immunology); B-Lymphocytes(immunology); Cross Reactions; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte(immunology); Female; Humans; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype(genetics; immunology); Mice; Mice, Inbred Strains; Molecular Sequence Data; Mutation; Peptide Fragments(chemistry; immunology); Plasmodium falciparum(immunology); T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer(immunology); Vaccination(methods); Viral Matrix Proteins(chemistry; genetics; immunology)
Curation Last Updated:2014-07-16 23:00:42