Epitopes described in "Absence of mouse 2B4 promotes NK cell-mediated killing of activated CD8+ T cells, leading to prolonged viral persistence and altered pathogenesis."

Article Authors:Stephen N Waggoner; Ruth T Taniguchi; Porunelloor A Mathew; Vinay Kumar; Raymond M Welsh
Article Title:Absence of mouse 2B4 promotes NK cell-mediated killing of activated CD8+ T cells, leading to prolonged viral persistence and altered pathogenesis.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1026042
Abstract:Persistent viral infections are often associated with inefficient T cell responses and sustained high-level expression of inhibitory receptors, such as the NK cell receptor 2B4 (also known as CD244), on virus-specific T cells. However, the role of 2B4 in T cell dysfunction is undefined, and it is unknown whether NK cells contribute to regulation of these processes. We show here that persistent lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection of mice lacking 2B4 resulted in diminished LCMV-specific CD8+ T cell responses, prolonged viral persistence, and spleen and thymic pathologies that differed from those observed in infected wild-type mice. Surprisingly, these altered phenotypes were not caused by 2B4 deficiency in T cells. Rather, the entire and long-lasting pathology and viral persistence were regulated by 2B4-deficient NK cells acting early in infection. In the absence of 2B4, NK cells lysed activated (defined as CD44hi) but not naive (defined as CD44lo) CD8+ T cells in a perforin-dependent manner in vitro and in vivo. These results illustrate the importance of NK cell self-tolerance to activated CD8+ T cells and demonstrate how an apparent T cell-associated persistent infection can actually be regulated by NK cells.
Affiliations:Department of Pathology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01655, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:20440077
Journal:J Clin Invest
Journal Volume:120
Article Pages:1925-38
Journal ISSN:0021-9738
Article Chemical List:Antigens, CD3;NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily D;Perforin
Article MeSH List:Animals; Antigens, CD3(immunology; metabolism); Killer Cells, Natural(immunology; metabolism; virology); Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis(immunology; metabolism; virology); Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus(immunology); Mice; Mice, Congenic; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Knockout; NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily D; Perforin; Spleen(immunology; metabolism; virology); T-Lymphocytes(immunology; metabolism; virology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-07-30 20:47:54