Epitopes described in "Immune regulatory CNS-reactive CD8+T cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis."

Article Authors:Nathan R York; Jason P Mendoza; Sterling B Ortega; Andrew Benagh; Andrew F Tyler; Mihail Firan; Nitin J Karandikar
Article Title:Immune regulatory CNS-reactive CD8+T cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1021134
Abstract:Immune-based self-recognition and failure to modulate this response are believed to contribute to the debilitating autoimmune pathology observed in multiple sclerosis (MS). Studies from its murine model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), have shown that neuroantigen-specific CD4+T cells are capable of inducing disease, while their immune sibling, the CD8+T cells, have largely been ignored. To understand their role in autoimmune demyelination, we first confirmed that, similar to our observations in human MS, there is robust induction of neuroantigen-reactive CD8+T cells in several models, including MOG(35-55)/CFA-induced EAE. However, MOG(35-55)-specific CD8+T-cells, when purified, were unable to adoptively transfer disease into naïve mice (in contrast to CD4+T-cells). In fact, we observed that the transfer of these neuroantigen-specific CD8+T cells was able to suppress the induction of EAE and to inhibit ongoing EAE. These regulatory CD8+T cells produced IFN-gamma and perforin and were able to kill MOG loaded CD4+T-cells as well as CD4-depleted APC, suggesting a cytotoxic/suppressor mechanism. Inhibition of EAE was associated with both the modulation of APC function as well as decreased MOG-specific CD4+T cell responses. Our studies reveal a novel and unexpected immune regulatory function for neuroantigen-specific CD8+T cells and have interesting biologic and therapeutic implications.
Affiliations:Department of Pathology, UT Southwestern Medical Center, 6000 Harry Hines Blvd., Dallas, TX 75390-9072, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:20172692
Journal:J Autoimmun
Journal Volume:35
Article Pages:33-44
Journal ISSN:0896-8411
Article Chemical List:Glycoproteins;Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein;Peptide Fragments;myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (35-55);Interferon-gamma
Article MeSH List:Animals; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes(immunology; metabolism; pathology); Cells, Cultured; Central Nervous System(immunology); Cytotoxicity, Immunologic; Disease Models, Animal; Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental(immunology; pathology); Female; Glycoproteins(immunology); Humans; Interferon-gamma(secretion); Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Multiple Sclerosis(immunology); Myelin-Oligodendrocyte Glycoprotein; Peptide Fragments(immunology); T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory(immunology; metabolism; pathology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-07-30 20:38:20