Epitopes described in "Diversity of the CD8+ T cell repertoire elicited against an immunodominant epitope does not depend on the context of infection."

Article Authors:Brian D Rudd; Vanessa Venturi; Megan J Smithey; Sing Sing Way; Miles P Davenport; Janko Nikolich-Zugich
Article Title:Diversity of the CD8+ T cell repertoire elicited against an immunodominant epitope does not depend on the context of infection.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1019100
Abstract:The diversity of the pathogen-specific T cell repertoire is believed to be important in allowing recognition of different pathogen epitopes and their variants and thereby reducing the opportunities for mutation-driven pathogen escape. However, the extent to which the TCR repertoire can be manipulated by different vaccine strategies so as to obtain broad diversity and optimal protection is incompletely understood. We have investigated the influence of the infectious/inflammatory context on the TCR diversity of the CD8(+) T cell response specific for the immunodominant epitope in C57BL/6 mice, derived from glycoprotein B of HSV-1. To that effect, we compared TCR V segment utilization, CDR3 length, and sequence diversity of the response to natural HSV-1 infection with those elicited by either Listeria monocytogenes or vaccinia virus expressing the immunodominant epitope in C57BL/6 mice. We demonstrate that although the type of infection in which the epitope was encountered can influence the magnitude of the CD8(+) T cell responses, TCR beta-chain repertoires did not significantly differ among the three infections. These results suggest that widely different live vaccine vectors may have little impact upon the diversity of the induced CTL response, which has important implications for the design of live CTL vaccine strategies against acute and chronic infections.
Affiliations:Department of Immunobiology and the Arizona Center on Aging, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Tucson, AZ 85724, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:20164421
Journal:J Immunol
Journal Volume:184
Article Pages:2958-65
Journal ISSN:0022-1767
Article Chemical List:Herpes Simplex Virus Vaccines;Immunodominant Epitopes;Peptide Fragments;Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta;Viral Envelope Proteins;glycoprotein B, Simplexvirus
Article MeSH List:Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes(immunology; metabolism; microbiology; virology); Drug Delivery Systems; Herpes Simplex Virus Vaccines(administration & dosage; immunology); Herpesvirus 1, Human(immunology); Immunodominant Epitopes(immunology; metabolism); Listeria monocytogenes(immunology); Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Molecular Sequence Data; Peptide Fragments(immunology; metabolism); Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta(biosynthesis); Vaccinia(immunology; metabolism; virology); Vaccinia virus(immunology); Viral Envelope Proteins(immunology; metabolism)
Curation Last Updated:2015-07-30 20:35:11