Epitopes described in "Structural and functional bases for broad-spectrum neutralization of avian and human influenza A viruses."

Reference
Article Authors:Jianhua Sui; William C Hwang; Sandra Perez; Ge Wei; Daniel Aird; Li-mei Chen; Eugenio Santelli; Boguslaw Stec; Greg Cadwell; Maryam Ali; Hongquan Wan; Akikazu Murakami; Anuradha Yammanuru; Thomas Han; Nancy J Cox; Laurie A Bankston; Ruben O Donis; Robert C Liddington; Wayne A Marasco
Article Title:Structural and functional bases for broad-spectrum neutralization of avian and human influenza A viruses.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1013582
Abstract:Influenza virus remains a serious health threat, owing to its ability to evade immune surveillance through rapid genetic drift and reassortment. Here we used a human non-immune antibody phage-display library and the H5 hemagglutinin ectodomain to select ten neutralizing antibodies (nAbs) that were effective against all group 1 influenza viruses tested, including H5N1 'bird flu' and the H1N1 'Spanish flu'. The crystal structure of one such nAb bound to H5 shows that it blocks infection by inserting its heavy chain into a conserved pocket in the stem region, thus preventing membrane fusion. Nine of the nAbs employ the germline gene VH1-69, and all seem to use the same neutralizing mechanism. Our data further suggest that this region is recalcitrant to neutralization escape and that nAb-based immunotherapy is a promising strategy for broad-spectrum protection against seasonal and pandemic influenza viruses.
Date:2009
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:19234466
Journal:Nat Struct Mol Biol
Journal Volume:16
Article Pages:265-73
Journal ISSN:1545-9985
Article Chemical List:Antibodies, Viral;Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus;Peptide Library;hemagglutinin, avian influenza A virus
Article MeSH List:Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Antibodies, Viral(chemistry; immunology; therapeutic use); Crystallography, X-Ray; HeLa Cells; Hemagglutinin Glycoproteins, Influenza Virus(chemistry; immunology); Humans; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype(immunology); Influenza A Virus, H5N1 Subtype(immunology); Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Models, Molecular; Molecular Sequence Data; Neutralization Tests; Orthomyxoviridae Infections(immunology; prevention & control); Peptide Library; Protein Binding; Protein Structure, Quaternary; Sequence Alignment; Survival Analysis; Virus Internalization(drug effects)
Curation Last Updated:2014-09-12 20:01:15