Epitopes described in "T-cell responses to the trypanosome variant surface glycoprotein are not limited to hypervariable subregions."

Article Authors:Taylor R Dagenais; Karen P Demick; James D Bangs; Katrina T Forest; Donna M Paulnock; John M Mansfield
Article Title:T-cell responses to the trypanosome variant surface glycoprotein are not limited to hypervariable subregions.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1013993
Abstract:Variable subregions within the variant surface glycoprotein (VSG) coat displayed by African trypanosomes are predicted sites for T- and B-cell recognition. Hypervariable subregion 1 (HV-1) is localized to an internal amphipathic alpha helix in VSG monomers and may have evolved due to selective pressure by host T-cell responses to epitopes within this subregion. The prediction of T-cell receptor-reactive sites and major histocompatibility complex class II binding motifs within the HV-1 subregion, coupled with the conservation of amino acid residues in other regions of the molecule sufficient to maintain secondary and tertiary VSG structure, prompted us to test the hypothesis that Th cells may preferentially recognize HV-1 subregion peptides. Thus, we examined the fine specificity of VSG-specific T-cell lines, T-cell hybridomas, and Th cells activated during infection. Our results demonstrate that T-cell epitopes are distributed throughout the N-terminal domain of VSG but are not clustered exclusively within HV-1 or other hypervariable subregions. In contrast, T-cell-reactive sites were not detected within the relatively conserved C-terminal domain of VSG. Overall, this study is the first to dissect the fine specificity of T-cell responses to the trypanosome VSG and suggests that evolution of a conserved HV-1 region may be unrelated to selective pressures exerted by host T-cell responses. This study also demonstrates that T cells do not recognize the relatively invariant C-terminal region of the VSG molecule during infection, suggesting that it could serve as a potential subunit vaccine to provide variant cross-specific immunity for African trypanosomiasis.
Affiliations:Department of Bacteriology, Microbial Sciences Building, 1550 Linden Drive, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:18936180
Journal:Infect Immun
Journal Volume:77
Article Pages:141-51
Journal ISSN:0019-9567
Article Chemical List:gov.nih.nlm.ncbi.www.jaxb.impl.NameOfSubstanceImpl@45b3f074;gov.nih.nlm.ncbi.www.jaxb.impl.NameOfSubstanceImpl@286f736c;gov.nih.nlm.ncbi.www.jaxb.impl.NameOfSubstanceImpl@2d02cc31
Article MeSH List:Amino Acid Sequence; Animals; Cells, Cultured; Cytokines(secretion); Epitope Mapping; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte(immunology); Female; Male; Mice; Molecular Sequence Data; Sequence Alignment; T-Lymphocytes(immunology); Trypanosomiasis, African(immunology); Variant Surface Glycoproteins, Trypanosoma(immunology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-01-17 22:18:02