Epitopes described in "Plasmid-based vaccination with candidate anthrax vaccine antigens induces durable type 1 and type 2 T-helper immune responses."

Article Authors:Yongxin Zhang; Jianxia Qiu; Yu Zhou; Farhang Farhangfar; Jenny Hester; Augustine Y Lin; William K Decker
Article Title:Plasmid-based vaccination with candidate anthrax vaccine antigens induces durable type 1 and type 2 T-helper immune responses.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1007634
Abstract:The current anthrax vaccine imparts protective immunity by generating a humoral immune response against a single antigen, the PA exotoxin subunit. While this response neutralizes the two anthrax exotoxins and protects the recipient from toxin-related mortality, the recipient is not protected from spore germination, infection, and/or bacteremia. Moreover, protective immunity against PA must be generated via a lengthy injection schedule and maintained by a yearly booster. In an effort to improve upon the current vaccine formulation, we screened six of seven known virulence factors encoded by Bacillus anthracis epigenetic elements pXO1 and pXO2 as well as the major surface proteins EA1 and SAP. Screening was carried out in conjunction with a plasmid-based technology known for its ability to generate type 1 and type 2 T-helper responses. Long-term high level antibody titers were generated against the products of eag (EA1), sap (SAP), and the capA capsule synthesis subunit in vivo. Further analysis of PA- and EA1-vaccinated mice demonstrated antigen-specific type 1 helper responses including IFN-gamma secretion and lysis of EA1- or PA-loaded macrophages; further, an EA1 T-cell epitope was identified. The results demonstrate that anthrax antigens other than PA might be suitable for the generation of durable immune responses against anthrax.
Affiliations:MithraGen, Inc., 8030 El Rio, Houston, TX 77054, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:18166249
Journal Volume:26
Article Pages:614-22
Journal ISSN:0264-410X
Article Chemical List:Anthrax Vaccines;Antigens, Bacterial;Bacterial Proteins;Bacterial Toxins;Exotoxins;Membrane Glycoproteins;Protein Subunits;S-layer proteins;Vaccines, Synthetic;anthrax toxin;Interferon-gamma
Article MeSH List:Animals; Anthrax(immunology); Anthrax Vaccines(immunology); Antigens, Bacterial(genetics; immunology); Bacillus anthracis(immunology); Bacterial Proteins(genetics; immunology); Bacterial Toxins(genetics; immunology); Epigenesis, Genetic; Exotoxins(genetics; immunology); Female; Interferon-gamma(metabolism); Macrophages(metabolism); Membrane Glycoproteins(genetics; immunology); Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Plasmids(immunology); Protein Subunits(genetics; immunology); Species Specificity; Th1 Cells(immunology); Th2 Cells(immunology); Vaccination; Vaccines, Synthetic(immunology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-07-30 20:21:17