Epitopes described in "Targeting amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) oligomers by passive immunization with a conformation-selective monoclonal antibody improves learning and memory in Abeta precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice."

Reference
Article Authors:Edward B Lee; Lewis Z Leng; Bin Zhang; Linda Kwong; John Q Trojanowski; Ted Abel; Virginia M-Y Lee
Article Title:Targeting amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) oligomers by passive immunization with a conformation-selective monoclonal antibody improves learning and memory in Abeta precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1011667
Abstract:Passive immunization of murine models of Alzheimer disease amyloidosis reduces amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta) levels and improves cognitive function. To specifically address the role of Abeta oligomers in learning and memory, we generated a novel monoclonal antibody, NAB61, that preferentially recognizes a conformational epitope present in dimeric, small oligomeric, and higher order Abeta structures but not full-length amyloid-beta precursor protein or C-terminal amyloid-beta precursor protein fragments. NAB61 also recognized a subset of brain Abeta deposits, preferentially mature senile plaques, and amyloid angiopathy. Using NAB61 as immunotherapy, we showed that aged Tg2576 transgenic mice treated with NAB61 displayed significant improvements in spatial learning and memory relative to control mice. These data implicated Abeta oligomers as a pathologic substrate for cognitive decline in Alzheimer disease.
Affiliations:Center for Neurodegenerative Disease Research, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, 19104, USA.
Date:2006
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:16361260
Journal:J Biol Chem
Journal Volume:281
Article Pages:4292-9
Journal ISSN:1083-351X
Article Chemical List:Amyloid beta-Peptides;Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor;Antibodies, Monoclonal
Article MeSH List:Alzheimer Disease(therapy); Amyloid beta-Peptides(antagonists & inhibitors; chemistry; immunology; metabolism); Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor(genetics; metabolism); Animals; Antibodies, Monoclonal(immunology); CHO Cells; Cricetinae; Female; Immunization, Passive; Learning Disorders(therapy); Memory Disorders(therapy); Mice; Mice, Inbred BALB C; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mice, Transgenic; Protein Conformation
Curation Last Updated:2014-10-03 21:08:29