Epitopes described in "Ex vivo analysis of human memory CD4 T cells specific for hepatitis C virus using MHC class II tetramers."

Article Authors:Cheryl L Day; Nilufer P Seth; Michaela Lucas; Heiner Appel; Laurent Gauthier; Georg M Lauer; Gregory K Robbins; Zbigniew M Szczepiorkowski; Deborah R Casson; Raymond T Chung; Shannon Bell; Gillian Harcourt; Bruce D Walker; Paul Klenerman; Kai W Wucherpfennig
Article Title:Ex vivo analysis of human memory CD4 T cells specific for hepatitis C virus using MHC class II tetramers.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1001748
Abstract:Containment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and other chronic human viral infections is associated with persistence of virus-specific CD4 T cells, but ex vivo characterization of circulating CD4 T cells has not been achieved. To further define the phenotype and function of these cells, we developed a novel approach for the generation of tetrameric forms of MHC class II/peptide complexes that is based on the cellular peptide-exchange mechanism. HLA-DR molecules were expressed as precursors with a covalently linked CLIP peptide, which could be efficiently exchanged with viral peptides following linker cleavage. In subjects who spontaneously resolved HCV viremia, but not in those with chronic progressive infection, HCV tetramer-labeled cells could be isolated by magnetic bead capture despite very low frequencies (1:1,200 to 1:111,000) among circulating CD4 T cells. These T cells expressed a set of surface receptors (CCR7+CD45RA-CD27+) indicative of a surveillance function for secondary lymphoid structures and had undergone significant in vivo selection since they utilized a restricted Vbeta repertoire. These studies demonstrate a relationship between clinical outcome and the presence of circulating CD4 T cells directed against this virus. Moreover, they show that rare populations of memory CD4 T cells can be studied ex vivo in human diseases.
Affiliations:Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Partners AIDS Research Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:12975468
Journal:J Clin Invest
Journal Volume:112
Article Pages:831-42
Journal ISSN:0021-9738
Article Chemical List:HLA-DR Antigens;Peptides;Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell;Viral Proteins
Article MeSH List:Animals; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes(immunology; metabolism); Genes, MHC Class II; HLA-DR Antigens(immunology); Hepacivirus(immunology); Hepatitis C(immunology); Humans; Immunologic Memory; Peptides(chemistry; metabolism); Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell(immunology; metabolism); Viral Proteins(chemistry; metabolism); Viremia(immunology)
Curation Last Updated:2015-11-25 20:01:23