Epitopes described in "The immunogenicity of a new human minor histocompatibility antigen results from differential antigen processing."

Article Authors:A G Brickner; E H Warren; J A Caldwell; Y Akatsuka; T N Golovina; A L Zarling; J Shabanowitz; L C Eisenlohr; D F Hunt; V H Engelhard; S R Riddell
Article Title:The immunogenicity of a new human minor histocompatibility antigen results from differential antigen processing.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:315374
Abstract:Minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAgs) present a significant impediment to organ and bone marrow transplantation between HLA-identical donor and recipient pairs. Here we report the identification of a new HLA-A*0201-restricted mHAg, HA-8. Designation of this mHAg as HA-8 is based on the nomenclature of Goulmy (Goulmy, E. 1996. Curr. Opin. Immunol. 8:75-81). This peptide, RTLDKVLEV, is derived from KIAA0020, a gene of unknown function located on chromosome 9. Polymorphic alleles of KIAA0020 encode the alternative sequences PTLDKVLEV and PTLDKVLEL. Genotypic analysis demonstrated that the HA-8-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) clone SKH-13 recognized only cells that expressed the allele encoding R at P1. However, when PTLDKVLEV was pulsed onto cells, or when a minigene encoding this sequence was used to artificially translocate this peptide into the endoplasmic reticulum, it was recognized by CTLs nearly as well as RTLDKVLEV. This indicates that the failure of CTLs to recognize cells expressing the PTLDKVLEV-encoding allele of KIAA0020 is due to a failure of this peptide to be appropriately proteolyzed or transported. Consistent with the latter possibility, PTLDKVLEV and its longer precursors were transported poorly compared with RTLDKVLEV by transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). These studies identify a new human mHAg and provide the first evidence that minor histocompatibility differences can result from the altered processing of potential antigens rather than differences in interaction with the relevant major histocompatibility complex molecule or T cell receptor.
Affiliations:Department of Microbiology, Beirne B. Carter Center for Immunology Research, University of Virginia Health Sciences Center, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:11148223
Journal:J Exp Med
Journal Volume:193
Article Pages:195-206
Journal ISSN:0022-1007
Article Chemical List:DNA Primers;Epitopes;Minor Histocompatibility Antigens
Article MeSH List:Alleles; Amino Acid Sequence; Antigen Presentation; Base Sequence; Clone Cells; DNA Primers(genetics); Epitopes(chemistry; genetics); Female; Humans; Male; Mass Spectrometry; Minor Histocompatibility Antigens(chemistry; genetics; metabolism); Molecular Sequence Data; Pedigree; Polymorphism, Genetic; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction; Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Article Comments:Data originally imported from the Database of Functional Molecular Immunology, FIMM (http://sdmc.lit.org.sg:8080/fimm/)
Curation Last Updated:2015-06-05 00:20:57