Epitopes described in "Immunogenicity of herpes simplex virus type 1 mutants containing deletions in one or more alpha-genes: ICP4, ICP27, ICP22, and ICP0."

Reference
Article Authors:M Brehm; L A Samaniego; R H Bonneau; N A DeLuca; S S Tevethia
Article Title:Immunogenicity of herpes simplex virus type 1 mutants containing deletions in one or more alpha-genes: ICP4, ICP27, ICP22, and ICP0.
Reference Detail
Reference ID:1004398
Abstract:Replication defective mutants of HSV have been proposed both as vaccine candidates and as vehicles for gene therapy because of their inability to produce infectious progeny. The immunogenicity of these HSV replication mutants, at both qualitative and quantitative levels, will directly determine their effectiveness for either of these applications. We have previously reported (Brehm et al., J. Virol., 71, 3534, 1997) that a replication defective mutant of HSV-1, which expresses a substantial level of viral genes without producing virus particles, is as efficient as wild-type HSV-1 in eliciting an HSV-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response. In this report, we have further evaluated the immunogenic potential of HSV-1-derived replication defective mutants by examining the generation of HSV-specific CTL following immunization with viruses that are severely restricted in viral gene expression due to mutations in one or more HSV alpha genes (ICP4, ICP27, ICP22, and ICP0). To measure the CTL responses induced by the HSV alpha-mutants, we have targeted two H-2Kb-restricted CTL epitopes: an epitope in a virion protein, gB (498-505), and an epitope in a nonvirion protein, ribonucleotide reductase (RR1 822-829). The HSV mutants used in this study are impaired in their ability to express gB while a majority of them still express RR1. Our findings demonstrate that a single immunization with these mutants is able to generate a strong CTL response not only to RR1 822-829, but also to gB498-505 despite their inability to express wild-type levels of gB. Furthermore, a single immunization with any individual mutant can also provide immune protection against HSV challenge. These results suggest that mutants which are restricted in gene expression may be used as effective immunogens in vivo.
Affiliations:Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, 17033, USA.
Date:1999
Reference Type:Literature
PubMed ID:10191191
Journal:Virology
Journal Volume:256
Article Pages:258-69
Journal ISSN:0042-6822
Article Chemical List:Antigens, Viral;Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte;H-2 Antigens;H-2Kb protein, mouse;ICP22 protein, human herpesvirus 1;ICP27 protein, human herpesvirus 1;Immediate-Early Proteins;Viral Envelope Proteins;Viral Proteins;Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins;Viral Vaccines;glycoprotein B, Simplexvirus;herpes simplex virus, type 1 protein ICP4;EUS1 protein, Equine herpesvirus 1;Ribonucleotide Reductases;Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases;Vmw110 protein, Human herpesvirus 1
Article MeSH List:Animals; Antigen Presentation(immunology); Antigens, Viral(genetics; immunology); Cell Line; Disease Models, Animal; Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte(immunology); Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic; Gene Expression Regulation, Viral; Genes, Viral; H-2 Antigens(immunology); Herpes Simplex(immunology; prevention & control); Herpesvirus 1, Human(genetics; immunology); Humans; Immediate-Early Proteins(genetics; immunology); Immunologic Memory; Male; Mice; Mice, Inbred C57BL; Mutagenesis; Ribonucleotide Reductases(genetics); T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic(immunology); Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases; Vaccination; Viral Envelope Proteins(genetics); Viral Proteins; Viral Regulatory and Accessory Proteins; Viral Vaccines(immunology)
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